24 Mar, 1998 · 76
Report of the PAK-US SYMPOSIUM, ISLAMABAD TUESDAY 24TH MARCH 1998
b. Pak-US Relations in the framework of a (desired)
c. Pak-US relations in the framework of Technical and Scientific Cooperation
f. Regional Scenario:
The following is an impressionistic account of these discussions. The seminar on economic and trade issues was not very instructive in the absence of any economist in the Pak delegation. The other discussions are described below in no particular order.
The Americans and Pakistanis perceived US interests in
For the Pakistanis the loss of US interest in their country after the Soviets withdrew from
There were frequent exhortations to the Americans to abrogate the Pressler Amendment on the thesis that it had not served its intended purpose! Continued application of the Pressler amendment has seriously degraded the serviceability of weapon systems with the Pakistani armed forces. The F-16s remain unsupplied, and although legal action is being routinely threatened,
In addition, the problem of maintaining the Pak forces at their present strength-levels is becoming increasingly difficult due to the budgetary crunch on one hand, and the non-cooperation of the international financial institutions, on the other hand.. Clearly, any dramatic increase in India?s defence budget to procure weapon systems would mount pressures upon
The obsession with
Among other grievances India was accused of using the Internet to make propaganda that Pakistan was an Islamic fundamentalist state inimical to Western civilisations; that India had always been the first to undertake destabilising developments in South Asia (PNE, Prithvi, Agni); that India found Pakistan to be the only obstacle to its hegemonic ambitions in South Asia; and that the BJP, being committed to hard-line positions on Kashmir and nuclear weapons, a rise in tensions and instabilities was inevitable in the future.
There was considerable apprehension about the BJP?s coming to power in
All this has created a milieu where, it was argued,
What are the CBMs possible to be negotiated between
In the economic sphere, the most important possible CBM repeatedly mentioned was extending the Turkmenistan-Multan pipeline to
In regard to Pak-US cooperation the areas believed to be fruitful were the cessation of fissile material production for weapon purposes; prevention of theft/smuggling of nuclear materials; implementing the Biological and Chemical Weapons conventions; biotechnology; telecom; power technology; and, in general, areas apart from sharing nuclear and missile technology.
There were passing references to the real problems afflicting Pakistan?s national security, which related to governance and internal security issues. It was accepted that the general law and order problem in the country was parlous, especially in
But the analysis was proffered?partly true?that
Coming lastly to the regional scenario it was admitted that the emergence of the
In regard to
Lastly, it was accepted that
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