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Research Paper
Pakistan: Politics, Religion & Extremism
Arshi Saleem Hashmi
RP20-Arshi-Pakistan.pdf
 

The question that arises is that if militant theology is more often a consequence than a cause for militant orientation, then what leads religious groups towards militancy in the first place? Why did religious groups choose violence to improve the lot of their institutions and constituents, resisting repression and gaining political power? One reason could be that religious societies, which favour one group over another, suppressing all other competing sects, encourage furious and fanatical violence. Deobandi patronage by Zia for instance, led to the rift with the Bralvis.

The study attempts to investigate whether it is relative deprivation as Ted Gurr suggests or the element of fear that pushed the Muslim majority Pakistan into a cycle of religious violence due to the intrusion of religion in politics.

CONTENTS
I. Politics, Religion and Extremism
II. Extremism in Pakistan: A Brief History
III. Exploring the Causes of Extremism
IV. Politico-Religious Mobilization: Towards an Understanding
V. Politics of Religious Extremism
VI. Bibliography

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