Home Contact Us
Search :
   

Pakistan - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#647, 26 November 2001
 
Pakistan’s Role in War against Terrorism: Costs and Benefits
Chintamani Mahapatra
Jawaharlal Nehru University
 

The US-led international coalition’s war efforts against terrorism have destroyed the military machine of the Taliban forces in Afghanistan , but the ouster of the Taliban from the seat of power has raised several questions about the country’s future.

 

 

In this complex war against terrorism, Pakistan was able to make some gains, economically and diplomatically, but appears to have lost its control over Afghan affairs. Pakistan , which created, nurtured and sustained the Taliban Government, has no choice but to join the US against the Taliban. 

 

 

By doing that, Musharraf was able to keep Pakistan outside the potential targets of the coalition war. Pakistan came close to being declared as a state sponsor of terrorism with US intelligence fully aware of Pakistan ’s role in training terrorists. It was therefore probable that Pakistan could be targeted by the US campaign against terrorism.

 

 

Secondly, Pakistan was averse to any Indo-US joint war efforts against terrorism. Pakistani fears were reflected in its response to the terror attacks in the US . When Indian Prime Minister offered India ’s unconditional support to the US , President Musharraf announced his country’s “unstinted support”. By making this announcement, Musharraf cleared the road for closer US-Pakistan ties to prevent closer Indo-US cooperation from developing.

 

 

Thirdly, the events of September 11 brought some economic relief for Pakistan which was in the throes of a massive economic crisis, having accumulated a massive $40 billion foreign debt. Pakistan got a new lease of life as America prepared for a sustained, prolonged and all-out war against terrorism. Washington lifted its sanctions against Pakistan and wrote off, along with Japan , $1 billion of in loans. Concerned about the illicit supply of arms and ammunition to the Taliban from Pakistan , the US announced in early November $73 million in emergency aid to Islamabad to strengthen security on the country’s porous borders with Afghanistan .

 

 

Pakistan was also promised helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft, night vision goggles, and communication equipment. A few days later, on the eve of President Pervez Musharaf’s meeting with the US President in New York, Washington pledged $1 billion in aid to Pakistan —doubling the earlier proposal to give $500 million. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) decided around the same time to increase assistance to the country from the planned $626 million to $950 million. The President of ADB said that the Bank would substantially enhance its assistance to Pakistan for various projects to cope with the Afghan refugee crisis. And now the UNDP has joined the ADB for enhancing its economic assistance to Islamabad .

 

 

The fourth gain for Pakistan came in ending the country’s international isolation. The Chagai series of nuclear tests, Kargil misadventure and military coup had led to Pakistan ’s international isolation. The various Commonwealth Committees had kept Pakistan out of its meetings. Pakistan had also lost sympathy in the US Congress, which was to lift some of the sanctions against only India before the terrorists struck the World Trade Centre and Pentagon.

 

 

When the US bombing of Afghanistan began, Pakistan found itself as a frontline state in the war against terrorism. The isolation of the country ended with visits to Islamabad by Japanese, British, Australian and American leaders and high officials. During his recent six-nation trip abroad, Musharraf received praise for his role in the war against terrorism at every stop.

 

 

While Pakistan gained these benefits, the fall of the Taliban regime in Kabul and the entry of the Northern Alliance forces into the Afghan capital came as a shock. This happened hours after President George Bush had assured Musharraf against such a possibility. It is clear that the US is no longer taking Pakistani advice on Afghan affairs. Its role in the formation of the next government in Kabul will be limited. Islamabad is yet to come to terms with this new development, which is reflected in Foreign Minister Abdus Sattar’s statement that Islamabad has not yet de-recognised the Taliban Government; Pakistan’s recognition or de-recognition hardly matters.

 

 

Given the fluidity of the ground situation, it is premature to draw any conclusion on the long-term consequences of the current developments. But the fact remains that while Pakistan had made some economic and diplomatic gains, it’s political and security interests have been adversely affected.  

 

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
Resetting Kabul-Islamabad Relations: Three Key Issues
Can Pakistan Reset its Relations with Afghanistan?
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
Understanding Democracy and Diversity in J&K
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Sri Lanka: Stability in 2015
Sri Lanka: Making a Case for Change
Connecting Sri Lanka: Train to Jaffna
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
India-Pakistan Relations in 2015: Through a Looking Glass
Burying the Past: A New Beginning for Pakistan and Afghanistan
 
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
18th SAARC Summit: A Perspective from Bangladesh
Bangladesh in Global Forums: Diplomacy vs. Domestic Politics
Bangladesh: Diplomatic Manoeuvres at the UNGA
Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
India-US: Significance of the Second Modi-Obama Meet
Has President Obama Turned Lame Duck?
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism’s Sake?

East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
IPCS Forecast: East Asia in 2015
China-North Korea: Reasons for Reconciliation
Abe-Jinping Summit Meet: A Thaw in China-Japan Relations?
Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
IPCS Forecast: Nepal in 2015
Constitution-making: Will Nepal Miss its Second Deadline?
The Future of SAARC is Now

Indo-Pacific
Prof Shankari Sundararaman
IPCS Forecast: Southeast Asia in 2015
Indonesia's Pacific Identity: What Jakarta Must Do in West Papua
Modi in Myanmar: From ‘Look East’ to ‘Act East’
Indus-tan
Sushant Sareen
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
Islamic State: Prospects in Pakistan
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir

Looking East
Wasbir Hussain
India’s Northeast: Need for a New Anti-Terror Policy
India-China: Securitising Water
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
IPCS Forecast: The Indian Ocean in 2015
India and Maritime Security: Do More
Indian Ocean and the IORA: Search and Rescue Operations

Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
US-Russia and Global Nuclear Security: Under a Frosty Spell?
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
IPCS Forecast: Left-wing Extremism in 2015
Maoist Attack on the CRPF: Time for New Counter-strategies
Naxal Violence: Challenges to Jharkhand Polls

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
IPCS Forecast: South Asian Regional Integration
South Asia: Rupee Regionalisation and Intra-regional Trade Enhancement
18th SAARC Summit: An Economic Agenda
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Defence Management in India: An Agenda for Parrikar
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security
Obama’s New Strategy towards the Islamic State: Implications for India

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
IPCS Forecast: West Asia in 2015
Rise of the Islamic State: Implications for the Arab World
Islamic State: The Efficacy of Counter-strategies
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
India-Russia Nuclear Vision Statement: See that it Delivers
Global Nuclear Disarmament: The Humanitarian Consequences Route
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
The Af-Pak Entity: Seduction to Armageddon?
Maritime Combat Power in the Indo-Pacific
Of Lawrence, Sykes-Picot and al-Baghdadi
Voice from America
Amit Gupta
Obama’s Rapprochement with Cuba
China's Global Ambition: Need to Emulate Germany
Mid-Term Elections: So What If the US Swings Hard Right?


OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


 

Browse by Publications

Commentaries 
Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 
China 
Myanmar 
Afghanistan 
Iran 
Pakistan 
India 
J&K  

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Indo-Pak 
Military 
Terrorism 
Naxalite Violence 
Nuclear 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
India-US: Significance of the Second Modi-Obama Meet

Has President Obama Turned Lame Duck?

Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism’s Sake?

Changing Global Balance of Power: Obama’s Response

Obama Administration: Re-engaging India

US in South Asia: Declining Influence

US Foreign Policy: Rehashing Old Stances

US’ Frantic Effort to Make the Rebalancing Strategy Work

US, Ukraine and the End of Unipolarity

US-China Cold Confrontation: New Paradigm of Asian Security

US in Asia: A 'Non-Alignment' Strategy?

Indo-US Strategic Partnership Post Khobragade: The Long Shadow

Pakistan’s Response to America’s War against Terrorism

Kashmir: The US Factor

ADD TO:
Blink
Del.icio.us
Digg
Furl
Google
Simpy
Spurl
Y! MyWeb
Facebook
 
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2015
 January  February  March  April
 2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007
 2006  2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999
 1998  1997
 
 

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

 
Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.

Tel: 91-11-4100-1900, Tel: 91-11-4100-1901, Tel/Fax: 91-11-4100-1902

Email:
© Copyright 2015, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com