Home Contact Us
Search :

Naxalite Violence - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#1094, 11 August 2003
Surrendered Naxalites: A Menace
P V Ramana
Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi

Naxalites, left-wing extremists, who have surrendered in the southern Indian State of Andhra Pradesh have become a menace for some time.

On July 25, 2003, the putrefied dead body of Sammi Reddy, former Karimnagar District Committee Member of the People’s War Group (PWG) and an important Surrendered PWG (SPWG), was recovered from a village pond in Krishna district; it was subsequently identified on July 28. Reddy was abducted in far off Hyderabad, the State capital, on July 18, while on his way to attend court in connection with a criminal offence. He was dealing in real estate business and had used strong-arm methods against business rivals. He also attempted to kill one of them. The mistress of a SPWG and one other SPWG militant, Jadala Nagaraju, are suspected to be behind Sammi Reddy’s, killing following differences over some cash transactions. There are other theories, too.

Earlier, Reddy and Naeemuddin, another SPWG, killed a civil rights activist on November 23, 2000 for allegedly persuading the PWG leadership to eliminate them for allegedly being police informers. Both were vocal critics of their former colleagues. At Naeemuddin’s instance, his brother Aleemuddin and some others had killed yet another SPWG cadre, Eedanna, in early June 1998, for molesting their sister. At that time, Naeemuddin, detained in prison, accused the PWG of inaction in the face of Eedanna’s misdemeanour. Eedanna, former Aler squad commander, had killed Paradesi Naidu, the Superintendent of Police, Mahabubnagar district on November 14, 1993. Later he surrendered and opened a provision store with the rehabilitation money the Government gave him. Simultaneously, he indulged in extra-judicial activities.

Surrendered Naxalites often use muscle power for business gains. They run protection rackets and deal in real estate. In Karimnagar district, some of them had become a land Mafia, until the security forces (SFs) put them down. Kattula Sammaiah, a SPWG who died in a fire accident on board a flight to Colombo, is another well known example of a SPWG militant becoming a law unto himself, while operating in Hyderabad.

Three reasons explain the working of such elements. One, unless they have a criminal bent of mind they cannot take recourse habitually to strong-arm tactics. A proclivity to violence however draws them closer to the Naxalites. Having committed violent acts they can hardly give up this habit after surrendering.

Further, surrendered Naxalites entertain the notion that violence is rewarding. Incidentally, a group of surrendered cadres of the Janashakthi faction were involved in a drunken brawl in Hyderabad a few weeks ago. In fact, a survey conducted by official sources in Warangal district, Andhra Pradesh, held that a mere two per cent of the cadre joins the rebels’ ranks for ideological reasons.

Two, the SFs are either complacent or are in league with them, probably because they are a mine of information or for other reasons. The surrendered Naxalites show off their intimate knowledge of, and access to information on, the movements of their former colleagues, their methods, hiding places, weapons and cash dumps.

Three, the rehabilitation policy of the Government is severely flawed and is tardily implemented. The Government gives five thousand rupees to every surrendering cadre right at the moment of surrender. Thereafter, they are eligible to receive five hundred thousand rupees towards rehabilitation. However, bureaucratic red tape often delays its disbursement.

The police in Karimnagar persuaded 46 Janashakthi Naxalites to join the mainstream. They had surrendered with their weapons to the Chief Minister in Hyderabad on April 28, 2002. This is for the first time in India that Naxalites have surrendered with their weapons. The Government has, to date, rehabilitated only 20 of them, after enormous delay. Therefore, some of the remaining militants have either gone underground or have established contact with their former colleagues. Thus, the gains from the efforts of a section of the SFs in countering extremism were frittered away.

The delay in rehabilitation persuades the surrendered Naxalites that the Government fails to keep its promises, and that they were justified in joining the Naxalites to fight the State. In fact, a detained SPWG militant told this author that he was being imprisoned for an unduly long period, even after he surrendered. He passionately asked, “Do you think we are some sort of man eaters?” He had killed at least 150 innocent persons.

There are those who contend that surrender and rehabilitation encourages extremism. But, others hold that surrenders cause less damage than ‘liquidation’. The Government vacillates between these two lines of thought.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary

D Suba Chandran
Across the Durand Line: Who is in Control Now? Will That Change?
Taliban Talks and the Four Horsemen: Between Peace and Apocalypse
Pakistan: Talks about Talks with the Taliban, Again
Dateline Islamabad

Salma Malik
Pakistan and TTP: Dialogue or Military Action?
The Musharraf Trial & Beyond

Dateline Kabul

Mariam Safi
Afghanistan, US and the Peace Process: A Deal with the Taliban in 2014?
Dhaka Discourse

Prof Delwar Hossain
Bangladesh: Domestic Politics and External Actors
Bangladesh Post Elections 2014: Redefining Domestic Politics?

Eagle Eye

Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
US in Asia: A 'Non-Alignment' Strategy?
Indo-US Strategic Partnership Post Khobragade: The Long Shadow
East Asia Compass

Dr Sandip Mishra
North Korean Peace Gestures and Inter-Korea Relations
Japan: Implications of Indiscriminate Assertiveness
China, Japan, Korea and the US: Region at Crossroads

Himalayan Frontier

Pramod Jaiswal
Chinese Inroads to Nepal
Constituent Assembly-II: Rifts Emerging
Nepal: The Crisis over Proportional Representation and the RPP Divide
Maritime Matters

Vijay Sakhuja
Increasing Maritime Competition: IORA, IONS, Milan and the Indian Ocean Networks
China in the Indian Ocean: Deep Sea Forays
Iran Navy: Developing Long Sea Legs

Middle Kingdom

DS Rajan
China in the Indian Ocean: Competing Priorities
China-Japan Friction: How can India Respond?
Nuke Street

Amb Sheelkant Sharma
Nuclear Security Summit 2014 and the NTI Index
Nuclear Power: An Annual Report Card

Red Affairs

Bibhu Prasad
Maoists in the Northeast: Reality and Myth-Making
Surrender of Gudsa Usendi: Ominous beginning for the Naxals?
South Asian Dialectic

PR Chari
Federalism: Centre as Coordinator and Adjudicator
Limits of Federalism

Spotlight West Asia

Amb Ranjit Gupta
Saudi Arabia-US Estrangement: Implications for the Indian Subcontinent
Syria Today: Is Regime Change the Answer?
The Arab World: Trying Times Ahead
Strategic Space

Manpreet Sethi
US, China and the South Asian Nuclear Construct
Responding to Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: A Strategy for India

The Strategist

Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Strategic Non-Nuclear Weapons: An Essential Consort to a Doctrine of No First Use

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


Browse by Publications

Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Naxalite Violence 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Vacillating Andhra Naxal Policy

Informal Peace In Andhra

Nepal: Children in Maoist Ranks

PWG’s Emerging ‘New’ Global Linkages

Politician-Naxalite Nexus in Andhra Pradesh

Advantage People’s War Group

Child combatants in the People's War Group

‘Copy cat’ PWG and the al Qaeda cell model

Marching CCOMPOSA, Limping SAARC

Cross-country left-wing extremist network is real

Unified response can defeat PWG ‘paper tigers’

Negotiate with caution with PWG Naxalites

Y! MyWeb
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2014
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September
 2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007  2006
 2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999  1998

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.
Tel: 91-11-4100 1900, 4165 2556, 4165 2557, 4165 2558, 4165 2559 Fax: (91-11) 41652560
© Copyright 2014, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com