Home Contact Us
Search :

Naxalite Violence - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#1094, 11 August 2003
Surrendered Naxalites: A Menace
P V Ramana
Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi

Naxalites, left-wing extremists, who have surrendered in the southern Indian State of Andhra Pradesh have become a menace for some time.

On July 25, 2003, the putrefied dead body of Sammi Reddy, former Karimnagar District Committee Member of the People’s War Group (PWG) and an important Surrendered PWG (SPWG), was recovered from a village pond in Krishna district; it was subsequently identified on July 28. Reddy was abducted in far off Hyderabad, the State capital, on July 18, while on his way to attend court in connection with a criminal offence. He was dealing in real estate business and had used strong-arm methods against business rivals. He also attempted to kill one of them. The mistress of a SPWG and one other SPWG militant, Jadala Nagaraju, are suspected to be behind Sammi Reddy’s, killing following differences over some cash transactions. There are other theories, too.

Earlier, Reddy and Naeemuddin, another SPWG, killed a civil rights activist on November 23, 2000 for allegedly persuading the PWG leadership to eliminate them for allegedly being police informers. Both were vocal critics of their former colleagues. At Naeemuddin’s instance, his brother Aleemuddin and some others had killed yet another SPWG cadre, Eedanna, in early June 1998, for molesting their sister. At that time, Naeemuddin, detained in prison, accused the PWG of inaction in the face of Eedanna’s misdemeanour. Eedanna, former Aler squad commander, had killed Paradesi Naidu, the Superintendent of Police, Mahabubnagar district on November 14, 1993. Later he surrendered and opened a provision store with the rehabilitation money the Government gave him. Simultaneously, he indulged in extra-judicial activities.

Surrendered Naxalites often use muscle power for business gains. They run protection rackets and deal in real estate. In Karimnagar district, some of them had become a land Mafia, until the security forces (SFs) put them down. Kattula Sammaiah, a SPWG who died in a fire accident on board a flight to Colombo, is another well known example of a SPWG militant becoming a law unto himself, while operating in Hyderabad.

Three reasons explain the working of such elements. One, unless they have a criminal bent of mind they cannot take recourse habitually to strong-arm tactics. A proclivity to violence however draws them closer to the Naxalites. Having committed violent acts they can hardly give up this habit after surrendering.

Further, surrendered Naxalites entertain the notion that violence is rewarding. Incidentally, a group of surrendered cadres of the Janashakthi faction were involved in a drunken brawl in Hyderabad a few weeks ago. In fact, a survey conducted by official sources in Warangal district, Andhra Pradesh, held that a mere two per cent of the cadre joins the rebels’ ranks for ideological reasons.

Two, the SFs are either complacent or are in league with them, probably because they are a mine of information or for other reasons. The surrendered Naxalites show off their intimate knowledge of, and access to information on, the movements of their former colleagues, their methods, hiding places, weapons and cash dumps.

Three, the rehabilitation policy of the Government is severely flawed and is tardily implemented. The Government gives five thousand rupees to every surrendering cadre right at the moment of surrender. Thereafter, they are eligible to receive five hundred thousand rupees towards rehabilitation. However, bureaucratic red tape often delays its disbursement.

The police in Karimnagar persuaded 46 Janashakthi Naxalites to join the mainstream. They had surrendered with their weapons to the Chief Minister in Hyderabad on April 28, 2002. This is for the first time in India that Naxalites have surrendered with their weapons. The Government has, to date, rehabilitated only 20 of them, after enormous delay. Therefore, some of the remaining militants have either gone underground or have established contact with their former colleagues. Thus, the gains from the efforts of a section of the SFs in countering extremism were frittered away.

The delay in rehabilitation persuades the surrendered Naxalites that the Government fails to keep its promises, and that they were justified in joining the Naxalites to fight the State. In fact, a detained SPWG militant told this author that he was being imprisoned for an unduly long period, even after he surrendered. He passionately asked, “Do you think we are some sort of man eaters?” He had killed at least 150 innocent persons.

There are those who contend that surrender and rehabilitation encourages extremism. But, others hold that surrenders cause less damage than ‘liquidation’. The Government vacillates between these two lines of thought.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
Resetting Kabul-Islamabad Relations: Three Key Issues
Can Pakistan Reset its Relations with Afghanistan?
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
Understanding Democracy and Diversity in J&K
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Sri Lanka: Stability in 2015
Sri Lanka: Making a Case for Change
Connecting Sri Lanka: Train to Jaffna
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
India-Pakistan Relations in 2015: Through a Looking Glass
Burying the Past: A New Beginning for Pakistan and Afghanistan
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
18th SAARC Summit: A Perspective from Bangladesh
Bangladesh in Global Forums: Diplomacy vs. Domestic Politics
Bangladesh: Diplomatic Manoeuvres at the UNGA
Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
India-US: Significance of the Second Modi-Obama Meet
Has President Obama Turned Lame Duck?
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism’s Sake?

East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
IPCS Forecast: East Asia in 2015
China-North Korea: Reasons for Reconciliation
Abe-Jinping Summit Meet: A Thaw in China-Japan Relations?
Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
IPCS Forecast: Nepal in 2015
Constitution-making: Will Nepal Miss its Second Deadline?
The Future of SAARC is Now

Prof Shankari Sundararaman
IPCS Forecast: Southeast Asia in 2015
Indonesia's Pacific Identity: What Jakarta Must Do in West Papua
Modi in Myanmar: From ‘Look East’ to ‘Act East’
Sushant Sareen
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
Islamic State: Prospects in Pakistan
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir

Looking East
Wasbir Hussain
India’s Northeast: Need for a New Anti-Terror Policy
India-China: Securitising Water
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
IPCS Forecast: The Indian Ocean in 2015
India and Maritime Security: Do More
Indian Ocean and the IORA: Search and Rescue Operations

Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
US-Russia and Global Nuclear Security: Under a Frosty Spell?
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
IPCS Forecast: Left-wing Extremism in 2015
Maoist Attack on the CRPF: Time for New Counter-strategies
Naxal Violence: Challenges to Jharkhand Polls

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
IPCS Forecast: South Asian Regional Integration
South Asia: Rupee Regionalisation and Intra-regional Trade Enhancement
18th SAARC Summit: An Economic Agenda
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Defence Management in India: An Agenda for Parrikar
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security
Obama’s New Strategy towards the Islamic State: Implications for India

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
IPCS Forecast: West Asia in 2015
Rise of the Islamic State: Implications for the Arab World
Islamic State: The Efficacy of Counter-strategies
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
India-Russia Nuclear Vision Statement: See that it Delivers
Global Nuclear Disarmament: The Humanitarian Consequences Route
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
The Af-Pak Entity: Seduction to Armageddon?
Maritime Combat Power in the Indo-Pacific
Of Lawrence, Sykes-Picot and al-Baghdadi
Voice from America
Amit Gupta
Obama’s Rapprochement with Cuba
China's Global Ambition: Need to Emulate Germany
Mid-Term Elections: So What If the US Swings Hard Right?

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


Browse by Publications

Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Naxalite Violence 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Vacillating Andhra Naxal Policy

Informal Peace In Andhra

Nepal: Children in Maoist Ranks

PWG’s Emerging ‘New’ Global Linkages

Politician-Naxalite Nexus in Andhra Pradesh

Advantage People’s War Group

Child combatants in the People's War Group

‘Copy cat’ PWG and the al Qaeda cell model

Marching CCOMPOSA, Limping SAARC

Cross-country left-wing extremist network is real

Unified response can defeat PWG ‘paper tigers’

Negotiate with caution with PWG Naxalites

Y! MyWeb
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2015
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October
 2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007
 2006  2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999
 1998  1997

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.

Tel: 91-11-4100-1900, Tel: 91-11-4100-1901, Tel/Fax: 91-11-4100-1902

© Copyright 2015, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com