Home Contact Us
Search :

Naxalite Violence - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#1881, 3 November 2005
Red Terror over Jharkhand
Rajat Kumar Kujur
Lecturer (Political Science) & Doctoral Student, JNU

Since its inception in November 2000, Jharkhand has become a "laboratory" for the Naxals - a place for experimenting with the idea of establishing a parallel system of governance. The Naxals have transformed 16 out of the 22 districts if the state into a 'guerrilla zone'. They include Garhwa, Palamau, Chatra, Hazaribagh, Giridih, Bokaro, Ranchi, Latehar, Lohardaga, Gumla, Simdega, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Dhanbad, Seraikela-Kharsawan and Koderma. Of late, they have spread their atrocities to Dumka, Deogarh, Jamtara and Godda. Naxal violence in Jharkhand has claimed the lives of nearly 700 people so far, which includes over 200 policemen.

The Naxal movement in Jharkhand is not limited to armed operations; its manifestations are found in a parallel system of governance that includes elected village bodies, Jan Adalats and a peoples' police. Economic blockades and bandh calls are other examples revealing the helplessness of the state. The Naxals are running a parallel system in the villages of Jharkhand with their own system of taxation. The People's Guerrilla Army (PGA) - military wing of Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) - is entrusted with enforcing Naxal rule and implementing their terror plan.

Denial of justice is the most important reason that has resulted in the establishment of a parallel judiciary in Jharkhand. However, the primary difference between the Naxal kangaroo courts and the subordinate judiciary is the time and cost factor. While the common folk have no way of reaching the existing judicial system, the kangaroo courts reach the deprived sections of society. The Naxals are the sole arbiters of disputes related to jal (water), joru (wife), and zameen (land).

Recent developments in Jharkhand suggest a definite rejuvenation and re-consolidation of the Naxal cadres. Thirteen policemen were killed in a landmine blast, on 8 October in Baniadih, Chatra district, when a police party was raiding the house of a suspected Naxal. Earlier, on 11 September, 200 Naxals raided Bheluaghati in Giridih district, which left 17 villagers dead. Four persons from Turudi in Latehar district died on 31 August following an attack by Naxals belonging to the Jharkhand Sangharsh Jana Mukti Morcha. Similarly, on 5 July, Naxals beheaded three members of the Shanti Sena (peace squad), a group campaigning against the Naxals, in Khairpani village in Gumla District.

The CPI (Maoist) is now on a massive membership drive, especially from rural parts of Ranchi, West Singhbhum, Dhanbad, Palamau, and Garwah. Naxals in Jharkhand are also targeting children between 10 to 15 years age group to include them in their fold and use them to keep a watch on police movements. During a field visit to the Orissa-Jharkhand Border area, this writer spotted some armed child Naxalites seeking food in a village.

Why has this sudden escalation in Naxal violence occurred? It is a pity that despite so many causalities, the government seems confused about the status of CPI (Maoist). Earlier, there was a ban on the MCC and PWG, but the CPI (Maoist) that came into existence after the merger of the two parties has never been banned. The state government is using this ambiguity to hide its failures. At the same time, the Union Government's reluctance to formulate a uniform policy for handling Naxal violence across the country is largely responsible for the violence in Jharkhand. The ban imposed the neighbouring Chhatishgarh has led to considerable Naxal influx into Jharkhand, which is one way of explaining the sudden increase of Naxal activities in the state.

Operation Eagle, Operation X, Operation Shikhar, Operation Hill Top, and Operation Black Thunder are the offensive measures launched by the police from time to time, but none of them has provided the expected result. The problem lies somewhere else, people's faith in the government is lacking. It is not the number of Naxals, but the popular support to them that is the main challenge before the Jharkhand government. Lack of motivation in the state police and serious allegations of human rights violations by the CRPF personnel deployed in the Naxal infested areas are the grey areas where government needs to focus. The much talked about socio-economic programmes need a comprehensive review. Success of the government's military efforts depends on the evolution of a strategy where tribes are not the victims, but partners in the process of development.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Pakistan: Crouching Democrats, Hidden Khakis
Mullah Fazlullah: Challenges to the ďEliminate or ExtraditeĒ Approach
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistanís Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Stronger Democratic Values for a Better Tomorrow
Sri Lanka and China: Towards Innovation Driven Economies
India-Sri Lanka: Strengthening Regional Cooperation
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
India-Pakistan: Working Boundaries and Lines of Uncontrolled Fire
Of Inquilab and the Inquilabis
Pakistan: Of Messiahs and Marches
Dateline Kabul
Mariam Safi
Can Afghanistan Become a "Perfect Place?"
Afghanistan: Political Crises After the Presidential Run-off
Talibanís Spring Offensive: Are the ANSF Prepared?
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
Bangladesh: Diplomatic Manoeuvres at the UNGA
Abeís Successful Visit to Dhaka: Two Political Challenges
Girl Summit Diplomacy and Bangladesh-UK Relations

Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticismís Sake?
Changing Global Balance of Power: Obamaís Response
Obama Administration: Re-engaging India
East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
India in East Asia: Modiís Three Summit Meets
Modi's Visit to Japan: Gauging Inter-State Relations in Asia
North Korea: Seeking New Friends?

Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
China in Nepal: Increasing Connectivity Via Railways
India-Nepal Hydroelectricity Deal: Making it Count
Federalism and Nepal: Internal Differences
Prof Shankari Sundararaman
The ASEAN's Centrality in the Indo-Pacific Region
Myanmar's Political Transition: Challenges of the 2015 Election
South China Sea: Intransigence Over Troubled Waters

Sushant Sareen
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir
Pakistan: Why is Army against Nawaz Sharif?
Pakistan: Degraded Democracy
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
Maritime Terrorism: Karachi as a Staging Point
Maritime Silk Road: Can India Leverage It?
BRICS: The Oceanic Connections

Middle Kingdom
DS Rajan
China in the Indian Ocean: Competing Priorities
China-Japan Friction: How can India Respond?
Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Remembering Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Musings on the Bomb

Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Naxalites and the Might of a Fragile Revolution
Six Thousand Plus Killed: The Naxal Ideology of Violence
Anti-Naxal Operations: Seeking Refuge in Symbolism
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security
Obamaís New Strategy towards the Islamic State: Implications for India
Modiís Tryst with Abe

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
War against the Islamic State: Political and Military Responses from the Region
The Islamic State: No Country for the Old World Order
India and the Conflict in Gaza
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile
Uranium and Nuclear Power: Three Indian Stories
A Strategic Review for India

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Strategic Estrangement: An Odd Bedfellow to Economic Engagement
The Islamic State Caliphate: A Mirage of Resurrection
A Covenant Sans Sword
Voice from America
Amit Gupta
Modiís US Visit: So Much Promise, Such Little Outcome
India and Australia: Beyond Curry, Cricket, and Commonwealth
And Then There is the Middle East: The Lack of an End-Game

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
Regional Economic Architecture: Is India Ready?

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


Browse by Publications

Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Naxalite Violence 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Maoist Organisational Upheaval in Odisha: Some Implications

Maoist Hostage Crisis in Odisha: Challenges Ahead

Maoist Hostage Crisis in Odisha: What are its Implications?

Maoist Encounter: Fall of the Legend

Underdevelopment and the Naxal Movement

Child Soldiers of the Naxal Movement

The Naxal Testimony on Kandhamal

Violent Revolution: The Naxal War Zone in Orissa

Naxal Movement: A Review of the Planning Commission's Expert Committee Report

Dantewada Jailbreak: Strategic Accomplishment of Naxal Designs

The Naxal Communique: Mobile War Replaces Guerilla War

Tracking Terror - South India Vulnerable

From CRZ to SEZ: Naxal Reins of Terror

New Conflict Dynamics in the Naxal Movement

Destination Karnataka: Multiple Terror Threats

ULFA's New Year Mayhem

CCOMPOSA: A Mirage or a Reality?

The Naxal Quest for Fire Power

Naxal Ban in Orissa: Testing Times Ahead

Naxal Raid On Orissa Jail

Hijacking Train : The New Face of Red Terror

Andhra Pradesh: The Naxal Citadel

Naxal Warning in Maharashtra

Naxal Movement in Orissa

Resurgent Naxal Movement in Bihar

Y! MyWeb
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2014
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October  November
 2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007  2006
 2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999  1998

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.
Tel: 91-11-4100 1900, 4165 2556, 4165 2557, 4165 2558, 4165 2559 Fax: (91-11) 41652560
© Copyright 2014, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com